The definitive guide to options trading puts and calls explained

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Options trading is a complex topic, but it can also be very lucrative. If you’re interested in learning more about options trading, this guide provides an overview of the basics.

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Put option

Put options are contracts that give the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to sell a stock at a specified price. This means that if you own puts and your stocks drop in value, you can use these options as insurance against further losses by selling them for more than what you paid (and thus recouping some of your losses). Put options are often used by investors who want to hedge against downside risk in their portfolios or protect themselves from short-term declines in price.

Put/call parity says that there will always be an equal number of buyers and sellers at any given point in time–this means that if one side changes its demand curve (for example because someone buys too many calls), then another side will adjust accordingly so that there’s still balance between buyers and sellers on both sides of every tradeable asset pair (in this case: stocks vs puts).

Call option

Call options give you the right to buy an asset at a specific price. You can buy a call option when you think the price of an asset will rise, or sell one when you think it’ll fall.

Understanding the basics of options trading

When you trade options, you are essentially buying the right to buy or sell an underlying asset at a specific price by a certain date. In other words, it’s a contract between two parties: The buyer pays a premium to the seller for this right.

The buyer must exercise their option (i.e., buy or sell) before it expires or else they lose their money and can no longer exercise their option rights under any conditions whatsoever (unless there is some kind of special rule that applies). The seller can choose whether or not he wants his seller-optioned stock back after he has sold it at market price; if he does not want them back then all other investors will have no way of knowing what happened between those two individuals because everything was done privately between them rather than publicly through an exchange like NYSE/NASDAQ/etc..

What you’re betting on, and how much

You can think of an option as a bet. You’re betting that the underlying asset will move in a certain direction, and if it does then you win. If not, then you lose.

The buyer of an option is called the “option holder” or simply “holder.” The seller of an option is called its writer or “writer”–they’re writing (or selling) the contract to someone else and get paid when they do so; they don’t have any obligation to buy or sell anything themselves unless they’ve agreed on it as part of their contract with another party who wants them too buy or sell something at some point in time in exchange for money up front before any trades happen between those two parties separately later down line after expiration date arrives; this allows one party (seller) avoid risk while another takes on risk instead because he believes there’ll be profit potential based upon market conditions being favorable toward him entering into such agreement beforehand so long as price moves favorably enough through expiration window period allowed within which most contracts expire automatically unless extended beyond deadline date first set forth by issuer firm issuing new batch each day starting January 1st every year until December 31st every year

When to buy an option

The best time to buy an option is when you want to speculate on a stock, or hedge against its price falling.

The simplest example of a hedge would be if you own some shares in Company A, which has been performing well recently and is currently trading at $100 per share. You’re concerned that the market might turn against them and they’ll fall in value – but you don’t want to sell your shares just yet because they’ve done so well for you already. In this case, buying put options (which give their owner the right but not obligation) could be useful: if Company A does lose value then those puts will increase in value along with it; so if your stock does fall by 5% then the puts’ intrinsic value increases by 5% too – offsetting some of those losses!

How to make money from options trading

If you want to make money from options trading, there are three main ways:

  • Selling a put option – This means that you have sold the right to sell a stock at a specific price and date by an expiration date in exchange for cash. If the market price falls below this level before expiration date, then you will be required to buy back your put option at its strike price and can then sell it again at an even higher price than what was originally paid out. If the market rises above this level before expiration date then nothing happens as there is no obligation on either party’s part unless they choose otherwise (buyback).2

If you want to know how to trade options, this guide is a great place to start.

If you want to know how to trade options, this guide is a great place to start. Options are a great way for investors and traders alike to make money in the market. They can be used as an effective hedge against downside risk, or simply as a speculation tool–and even if you’re not interested in buying stocks outright, knowing how options work could help you make more informed decisions about your portfolio.

In this definitive guide we’ll cover:


We hope that this guide has helped you understand the basics of options trading and how to make money from it. If you want to learn more about how we can help you with your trading needs, contact us today!

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